Molecular Informatics (formerly QSAR Journal)
Probing small-molecule binding to the liver-X receptor: A mixed-model QSAR studyAuthors: Morena Spreafico, Martin Smiesko, Ourania Peristera, Gianluca Rossato and Vedani, A.
Journal: Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 50, 4056 Basel, Switzerland.
The binding of 52 ligands towards the liver X receptors (LXRs) was identified trough docking to the three-dimen-sional protein structure and quantified by multi-dimen-sional QSAR (mQSAR), an approach referred to as “mixed-model QSAR”. The model was validated by the prediction of 17 external compounds (oxysterols) present neither in the training nor in the test set. The robustness of the model was verified by consensus scoring using a conceptually different methodology, and chance corre-lation was ruled out by a series of scramble tests. The LXR model has been added in the VirtualToxLab, a fully automated technology that allows for the iden-tification of the endocrine-disrupting potential of drugs, chemicals and natural products. This protocol has then been applied to screen a series of 161 natural com-pounds probing their binding to the LXR. The results of the simulation were compared with experimental data (where available) and suggest that the LXR model can be applied to predict the binding affinity of existing or hypothetical compounds for screening purposes.